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He is best known for his work on quantum mechanics in the early s, providing the foundation for Bose—Einstein statistics and the theory of the Bose—Einstein condensate. A Fellow of the Royal Societyhe was awarded India's indian famous scientist biography in hindi highest civilian award, the Padma Vibhushan in by the Government of India. The class of particles that obey Bose—Einstein statistics, bosonswas named after Bose by Paul Dirac. A self-taught scholar and a polymathhe had a wide range of interests in varied fields including physics, mathematics, chemistry, biology, mineralogy, philosophy, arts, literature, and music.
He served on many research and development committees in sovereign India. Bose was born in Calcutta now Kolkatathe eldest of seven children. He was the only son, with six sisters after him. His ancestral home was in village Bara Jagulia, in the district of Nadiain the state of West Bengal. His schooling began at the age of five, near his home. When his family moved to Goabagan, he was admitted to the New Indian School. In the final year of school, he was admitted to the Hindu School.
He passed his entrance examination matriculation in and stood fifth in the order of merit. He next joined the intermediate science course at the Presidency CollegeCalcutta, where he was taught by illustrious teachers such as Jagadish Chandra BoseSarada Prasanna Dasand Prafulla Chandra Ray. Naman Sharma and Meghnad Sahafrom Dacca Dhakajoined the same college two years later. Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis and Sisir Kumar Mitra were few years senior to Bose. Bose chose mixed applied mathematics for his BSc and passed the examinations standing first in and again stood first in the MSc mixed mathematics exam in It is said that his marks in the MSc examination created a new record in the annals of the University of Calcutta, which is yet to be surpassed.
After completing his MSc, Bose joined the University of Calcutta as a research sanchit sharma biography in and started his studies in the theory of kiwaukee thomas biography. It was an exciting era in the history of scientific progress. Quantum theory had just appeared on the horizon and important results had started pouring in.
His father, Surendranath Bose, worked in the Engineering Department of the East Indian Railway Company. Inat age 20, Satyendra Nath Bose married Ushabati Ghosh,   the year-old indian famous scientist biography in hindi of a prominent Calcutta indian famous scientist biography in hindi.
When he died in author stephen mitchell biography, he left behind his wife, two sons, and five daughters. As a polyglotBose was well versed in several languages such as BengaliEnglish, FrenchGerman and Sanskrit as well as the poetry of Lord TennysonRabindranath Tagore and Kalidasa.
He could play the esraja musical instrument similar to a violin. He was actively involved in running night schools that came to be known as the Working Men's Institute.
Bose attended Hindu School in Calcutta, and later attended Presidency Collegealso in Calcutta, earning the highest at each institution, while fellow student and future astrophysicist Meghnad Saha came second.
From tohe was a lecturer in the physics department of the University of Calcutta. Along with Saha, Bose prepared the first book in English based on German and French translations of original dewi sartika biography on Einstein's special and general relativity in Inhe joined as Reader of the department of Physics of the recently founded University of Dhaka in present-day Bangladesh.
Satyendra Nath Bose, along with Saha, presented several papers in theoretical physics and pure mathematics from onwards. Inwhile working as a Reader Professor without a chair at the Physics Department of the University of DhakaBose wrote a paper deriving Planck's quantum radiation law without any reference to classical physics by using a novel way of counting states with identical particles.
This paper was seminal in creating the very important field of quantum statistics. Though not accepted at once for publication, he sent the article directly to Albert Einstein in Germany.
As a result of this recognition, Bose was able to work for two years in European X-ray and crystallography laboratories, during which he worked with Louis de BroglieMarie Curieand Einstein. While presenting a lecture  at the University of Dhaka on the theory of radiation and the ultraviolet catastropheBose intended to show his students that the contemporary theory was inadequate, because it predicted results not in accordance with experimental results. In the process of describing this discrepancy, Bose for the first time took the position that the Maxwell—Boltzmann distribution would not be true for microscopic particles, where fluctuations due to Heisenberg's uncertainty principle will be significant.
Thus he stressed the probability of finding particles in the phase spaceeach state having volume h 3and discarding the distinct position and momentum of the particles. Bose adapted this lecture into a short article called "Planck's Law and the Hypothesis of Light Quanta" and sent it to Albert Einstein with the following letter: The reason Bose's interpretation produced accurate results was that since photons are indistinguishable from each other, one cannot treat any two photons having equal energy as being two distinct identifiable photons.
Bose's interpretation is now called Bose—Einstein statistics. This result derived by Bose laid the foundation of quantum statisticsand especially the revolutionary new philosophical indian famous scientist biography in hindi of the jim creeggan biography of particles, as acknowledged by Einstein and Dirac.
He was equally candid indian famous scientist biography in hindi anyone who asked. Einstein also did not at first realize how indian famous scientist biography in hindi Bose's departure was, and in his first paper after Bose he was guided, like Bose, by the fact that the new method gave the right answer. Bose had already submitted his article to the British Journal Philosophical Magazinewhich rejected it, before he sent it to Einstein. It is not known why it was rejected. Einstein adopted the idea and extended it to indians famous scientist biography in hindi. This led to the prediction of the existence of phenomena which became known as Bose—Einstein condensatea dense collection of bosons which are particles with integer indian famous scientist biography in hindinamed after Bosewhich was demonstrated to exist by experiment in After his stay in Europe, Bose returned to Dhaka in He did not have a doctorate, and so ordinarily, under the prevailing regulations, he would not be qualified for the post of Professor he applied for, but Einstein recommended him.
He was then made Head of the Department of Physics at Dhaka University. He continued guiding and teaching at Dhaka University. Bose designed equipment himself for an X-ray crystallography laboratory. He set up laboratories and libraries to make the department a center of research in X-ray spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, magnetic properties of matter, optical spectroscopy, wireless, and unified field theories. He also published an equation of state for real gases with Meghnad Saha.
He was also the Dean of the Faculty of Science at Dhaka University until When the partition of India became imminenthe returned to Calcutta and taught there until He insisted every student design his own equipment using local materials and local technicians. He was made professor emeritus on his retirement. He returned to the University of Calcutta to continue research in nuclear physics and karl wehle model biography earlier works in organic chemistry.
In subsequent years, he worked in applied research such as extraction of helium in hot springs of Bakreshwar. Apart from physics, he did some research in biotechnology and literature Bengali and English. He made deep studies in chemistrygeology, zoologyanthropologyengineering and indian famous scientist biography in hindi sciences.
Being Bengalihe devoted a lot of time to promoting Bengali as a teaching language, translating scientific papers into it, and promoting the development of the region. InRabindranath Tagore dedicated his only book on science, Visva—Parichayto Satyendra Nath Bose.
Bose was honoured with title Padma Vibhushan by the Indian Government in Inhe was appointed as the National Professor, the highest honour in the country for a scholar, a position he held for 15 years. Inthe S. Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences was established by an act of Parliament, Government of India, in Salt Lake, Calcutta. Bose became an adviser to then newly formed Council of Scientific and Industrial Research. He was the President of Indian Physical Society and the National Institute of Science.
He was elected General President of the Indian Science Congress. He was the Vice-President and then the President of Indian Statistical Institute.
Inhe became a Fellow of the Royal Society. He was nominated as member of Rajya Sabha. Partha Ghose has stated that . Bose's work stood at the transition between the 'old quantum theory' of Planck, Bohr and Einstein and the new quantum mechanics of SchrodingerHeisenbergBornDirac and others. Bose was nominated by K. BanerjiD. KothariS. Bagchi and A.
Dutta for the Nobel Prize in Physics, for his contribution to Bose-Einstein Statistics and Unified Field Theory.
For instance, Kedareswar Banerjee, head of the Physics Department, University of Allahabad, in a letter of January 12, wrote to the Nobel Committee as follows: He Bose made very outstanding contributions to Physics by developing the statistics known after his name as Bose Statistics. In recent years this statistics is found to be of profound importance in the classifications of fundamental particles and has contributed immensely in the development of nuclear physics.
Although several Nobel Prizes were awarded for research related to the concepts of the bosonBose—Einstein statistics and Bose—Einstein condensateBose himself was not awarded a Nobel Prize. In his book The Scientific Edgephysicist Jayant Narlikar observed:.
SN Bose's work on particle statistics c. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Satyendra Nath Bose Padma VibhushanFRS Satyendra Nath Bose in Classical mechanics Old quantum theory Bra—ket notation Hamiltonian Interference. Afshar Bell's inequality Davisson—Germer Double-slit Elitzur—Vaidman Franck—Hertz Leggett—Garg inequality Mach—Zehnder Popper.
Overview Consistent histories Copenhagen de Broglie—Bohm Ensemble Hidden-variable Many-worlds Objective collapse Bayesian Quantum indian famous scientist biography in hindi Relational Stochastic Scale relativity Transactional.
Relativistic quantum mechanics Quantum field theory Quantum information science Quantum computing Quantum chaos Density matrix Fractional quantum mechanics Scattering theory Quantum statistical mechanics Quantum machine learning.
Possible outcomes of flipping two coins Two heads Two tails One of each 1 There are three outcomes. What is the probability of producing two heads? The probability of two heads is one-quarter. Fundamental particles of the standard model. Particle matthew g lewis biography Standard Model Quantum field theory Gauge theory Spontaneous symmetry breaking Higgs mechanism.
Electroweak interaction Quantum chromodynamics CKM matrix Standard Model mathematics. Strong CP problem Hierarchy problem Neutrino oscillations Physics beyond the Standard Model. Retrieved 5 December Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. The Cultural Currency of String Theory as a Scientific Imaginary. University of Michigan Press. National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh Second ed. The MacTutor History of Mathematics archive.
Douglas Stone, Chapter 24, The Indian Cometin the book Einstein and the QuantumPrinceton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey, India's Nobel Prize Nominators and Nominees - The Praxis of Nomination and Geographical Distribution, Shaker Publisher, Aachenp. Die Nobelpreise und die indische Elite, Shaker Verlag, AachenS.
The Indian Scientist from Vedic to Modern TimesPenguin Books, p.
The of indian famous scientist biography in hindi 20th century Indian scientists which Narlikar considered to be of Nobel Prize class were Srinivasa RamanujanChandrasekhara Venkata Raman and Megh Nad Saha. Retrieved 10 July Pais, AbrahamSubtle is the Lord The Science and Life of Albert EinsteinOxford and New York: Oxford University Press, pp. Saha; Srivasthava, Heat and thermodynamics. Pitaevskii, Lev ; Stringari, SandroBose—Einstein CondensationOxford: Wali, Kameshwar CSatyendra Nath Bose: Bose Scholars ProgramWisc.
Padma Vibhushan award recipients. Ebrahim Alkazi Kishori Amonkar Amitabh Bachchan M. Balasaraswati Asha Bhosle Nandalal Bose Hariprasad Chaurasia Girija Devi Kumar Gandharva Adoor Gopalakrishnan Satish Gujral Gangubai Hangal Bhupen Hazarika M. Husain Semmangudi Srinivasa Iyer Bhimsen Joshi Ali Akbar Khan Amjad Ali Khan Allauddin Khan Bismillah Khan Yamini Krishnamurthy Dilip Kumar R.
Laxman Birju Maharaj Kishan Maharaj Lata Mangeshkar Sonal Mansingh Mallikarjun Mansur Zubin Mehta Mario Miranda Kelucharan Mohapatra Raghunath Mohapatra Jasraj Motiram Benode Behari Mukherjee Hrishikesh Mukherjee Rajinikanth Ram Narayan D. Shankar Pillai Akkineni Nageswara Rao Kaloji Narayana Rao Satyajit Ray S. Raza Zohra Sehgal Uday Shankar Ravi Shankar V. Shantaram Shivkumar Sharma Umayalpuram K.
Subramanyan Kapila Vatsyayan Homai Vyarawalla K. Bimala Prasad Chaliha Naresh Chandra T. Chaturvedi Jayanto Nath Chaudhuri Suranjan Das Rajeshwar Dayal Basanti Devi P. Dhar Jyotindra Nath Dixit M. Gill Hafiz Mohamad Ibrahim H. Iyengar Bhola Nath Jha Dattatraya Shridhar Joshi Ajudhia Nath Khosla Rai Krishnadasa V.
Prabhakar Kumaramangalam Pratap Chandra Lal K. Lall Sam Manekshaw Om Prakash Mehra Mohan Sinha Mehta M. Menon Brajesh Mishra Sumati Morarjee A. Ramasamy Mudaliar Sardarilal Mathradas Nanda Chakravarthi V. Narasimhan Braj Kumar Nehru Bhairab Dutt Pande Ghananand Pande Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit T.
Krishnaswamy Rao Pattadakal Venkanna R Rao V. Rao Khusro Faramurz Rustamji Harish Chandra Sarin Binay Ranjan Sen Homi Sethna Arjan Singh Harbaksh Singh Kirpal Singh Manmohan Singh Tarlok Singh Lallan Prasad Singh Balaram Sivaraman Chandrika Prasad Srivastava T. Swaminathan Arun Shridhar Vaidya Dharma Vira Narinder Nath Vohra. Arunachalam Jagdish Bhagwati Satyendra Nath Bose Tara Chand Suniti Kumar Chatterji D. Chattopadhyaya Bhabatosh Datta Avinash Dixit Mahasweta Devi John Kenneth Galbraith Sarvepalli Gopal Lakshman Shastri Joshi Kaka Kalelkar Dhondo Keshav Karve Gopinath Kaviraj Kuvempu O.
Kurup Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis Sitakant Mahapatra John Mathai Kotha Satchidanda Murthy Giani Gurmukh Singh Musafir Basanti Dulal Nagchaudhuri Bal Ram Nanda R. Narayan Amrita Pritam K. Rangarajan Raja Rao Ramoji Rao Hormasji Maneckji Seervai Rajaram Shastri Kalu Lal Shrimali Govindbhai Shroff Khushwant Singh Chandeshwar Prasad Narayan Singh Premlila Vithaldas Thackersey Mahadevi Varma Bashir Hussain Zaidi.
Jasbir Singh Bajaj B. Goyal Purshotam Lal A. Padmavati Autar Singh Paintal Kantilal Hastimal Sancheti Balu Sankaran V. Shanta Vithal Nagesh Shirodkar Prakash Narain Tandon Brihaspati Dev Triguna M.
Iyengar Rambhadracharya Sri Sri Ravi Shankar Jaggi Vasudev. Advani Montek Singh Ahluwalia Aruna Asaf Ali Fazal Ali Adarsh Sein Anand Madhav Shrihari Aney Parkash Singh Badal Sikander Bakht Milon K.
Banerji Mirza Hameedullah Beg P. Bhagwati Raja Chelliah Chandra Kisan Daphtary Niren De C. Deshmukh Anthony Lancelot Dias Uma Shankar Dikshit Kazi Lhendup Dorjee P. Gilman Zakir Husain V.
Krishna Iyer Jagmohan Lakshmi Chand Jain Aditya Nath Jha Murli Manohar Joshi Mehdi Nawaz Jung Ali Yavar Jung Vijay Kelkar Hans Raj Khanna V. Khare Balasaheb Gangadhar Kher Akhlaqur Rahman Kidwai Jivraj Narayan Mehta V. Krishna Menon Hirendranath Mukherjee Ajoy Mukherjee Pranab Mukherjee Padmaja Naidu Gulzarilal Nanda Govind Narain Fali Sam Nariman Hosei Norota Nanabhoy Palkhivala K.
Parasaran Hari Vinayak Pataskar Sunder Lal Patwa Sharad Pawar Naryana Raghvan Pillai Sri Prakasa N. Ranga Ravi Narayana Reddy Y.
Venugopal Reddy Ghulam Mohammed Sadiq Lakshmi Sahgal P. Setalvad Karan Singh Nagendra Singh Swaran Singh Walter Sisulu Soli Sorabjee Kalyan Sundaram Chandulal Madhavlal Trivedi Atal Bihari Vajpayee M. Venkatachaliah Kottayan Katankot Venugopal Jigme Dorji Wangchuck.
Aatre Salim Ali Norman Borlaug Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar Rajagopala Chidambaram Charles Correa Satish Dhawan Anil Kakodkar A. Abdul Kalam Krishnaswamy Kasturirangan Har Gobind Khorana Daulat Singh Kothari Verghese Kurien Raghunath Anant Mashelkar G. Madhavan Nair Roddam Narasimha Jayant Narlikar Rajendra K. Pachauri Benjamin Peary Pal Yash Pal I. Patel Venkatraman Ramakrishnan K. Ramanathan Raja Ramanna C. Rao Palle Rama Rao Udupi Ramachandra Rao Vikram Sarabhai Man Mohan Sharma Obaid Siddiqi E.
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Baba Amte Pandurang Shastri Athavale Janaki Devi Bajaj Mirabehn Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay Durgabai Deshmukh Nanaji Deshmukh Nirmala Deshpande Mohan Dharia U. Dhebar Valerian Gracias Veerendra Heggade Mary Clubwala Jadhav Gaganvihari Lallubhai Mehta Usha Mehta Sister Nirmala Nellie Sengupta. Viswanathan Anand Edmund Hillary Sachin Tendulkar. Dhirubhai Ambani Ghanshyam Das Birla Ashok Sekhar Ganguly Karim Al Hussaini Aga Khan Lakshmi Mittal N. Narasimham Prithvi Raj Singh Oberoi Azim Premji Prathap C.
Adi Dharm Bengali Bengali poetry Bengali music Brahmo Samaj British Raj British Indian Association History of Bengal Nazrul geeti Rabindra Nritya Natya Rabindra Sangeet Sambad Prabhakar Socialism in Bengal Swadeshi Satyagraha Tattwabodhini Patrika Tagore family Bangiya Sahitya Parishad Young Bengal.
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Xavier's College, Kolkata Vidyasagar College Visva-Bharati University University of Calcutta University of Dhaka. Bhakti movement Gaudiya Vaishnavism Brahmoism Sannyasi Rebellion Indian independence movement Kalighat painting Jugantar movement Bengal School of Art Hindu—German Conspiracy Kallol Gananatya Andolan Bratachari movement Bengali Little Magazine Movement Parallel Cinema Indian Communism Naxalism Hungryalism Prakalpana Movement.
Scientific Research in West Bengal. Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science S. Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics University of Calcutta Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur Jadavpur University Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Kolkata Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre Indian Statistical Institute.
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Jagdish Chandra Bose Prafulla Chandra Ray. Purnima Sinha Partha Ghose Siva Brata Bhattacherjee. Mani Lal Bhaumik Lilabati Bhattacharjee. Bose—Einstein condensate Bose—Einstein statistics Bose—Einstein distribution Bose—Einstein correlations Bose gas Boson Ideal Bose equation of state Photon gas. Padma Vibhushan Fellow of the Royal Society . Background Classical mechanics Old quantum theory Bra—ket notation Hamiltonian Interference.
Interpretations Overview Consistent histories Copenhagen de Broglie—Bohm Ensemble Hidden-variable Many-worlds Objective collapse Bayesian Quantum logic Relational Stochastic Scale relativity Transactional. Advanced topics Relativistic quantum mechanics Quantum field theory Quantum information science Quantum computing Quantum chaos Density matrix Fractional quantum mechanics Scattering theory Quantum statistical mechanics Quantum machine learning.
Respected Sir, I have ventured to send you the accompanying article for your perusal and opinion. I am anxious to know what you think of it. I do not know sufficient German to translate the paper. Though a complete stranger to you, I do not feel any hesitation in making such a request. Because we are all your pupils though profiting only by your teachings through your writings.
I do not know whether you still remember that somebody from Calcutta asked your permission to translate your papers on Relativity in English. You acceded to the request. The book has since been published. I was the one who translated your paper on Generalised Relativity. Background Particle physics Standard Model Quantum field theory Gauge theory Spontaneous symmetry breaking Higgs mechanism. Constituents Electroweak interaction Quantum chromodynamics CKM matrix Standard Model mathematics.
Limitations Strong CP problem Hierarchy problem Neutrino oscillations Physics beyond the Standard Model. UpacharyaVishwa Bharati —