Any insight into the alternative spellings, Horkheimer vs. Visit root.mostbook.info's Max Horkheimer Page and shop for all Max Horkheimer books and other Max Horkheimer related products (DVD, CDs, Apparel). Check out pictures. Biography. Horkheimer was born in Stuttgart to a Jewish family. Due to parental pressure, he did not initially pursue an academic career, leaving secondary school at. As a member of the Frankfurt School, Horkheimer is clearly a Cultural Marxist. Shaw The Journal of Politics, Vol.
Max Horkheimer February 14, — July 7, was a German-Jewish philosopher - sociologistfamous for his work in critical theory as a member of the ' Frankfurt School ' of social research. His most important works include The Eclipse of Reason and, in collaboration with Theodor AdornoThe Dialectic of Enlightenment Through the Frankfurt School, Horkheimer planned, supported and made other significant works possible.
Horkheimer was born in Stuttgart to a wealthy Jewish family. Due to parental pressure, Horkheimer left secondary max horkheimer biography at the age of sixteen to work in his father's factory. Inhis manufacturing career ended and he was drafted into World War I. After university, Horkheimer moved to Frankfurt am Mainwhere he studied under Hans Cornelius.
There, he met Theodor Adornoseveral years his junior, with whom he max horkheimer biography strike a lasting friendship and a fruitful collaborative relationship. InHorkheimer was habilitated with a dissertation entitled Efere ozako biography Critique of Judgement as Mediation max horkheimer biography Practical and Theoretical Philosophy written under Hans Cornelius.
He was appointed Privatdozent the max horkheimer biography year. When the Institute for Social Research 's directorship became vacant inhe was elected to the position.
In the same year Horkheimer took max horkheimer biography the chair of social philosophy at Frankfurt University. Horkheimer's venia legendi was revoked by the new Nazi government, and the Institute closed its location in Germany in He emigrated to Switzerlandand then to the USA the following year, where Columbia University hosted the Institute in exile.
InHorkheimer received American citizenship and moved to the Pacific Palisades district of Los AngelesCaliforniawhere his collaboration with Adorno would yield the Dialectic of Enlightenment.
In the years that followed, Horkheimer published little, although israel putnam biography continued to edit Studies in Philosophy and Social Science as a continuation of the Zeitschrift.
Inhe returned to Frankfurt, where the Institute reopened in Between and Horkheimer was rector of the University of Frankfurt. He returned to America in and to lecture at the University of Chicago. He remained an important figure until his death in Nuremberg in He is buried at the Jewish cemetery in BernSwitzerland.
Horkheimer's max horkheimer biography is marked by a concern to show the relation between affect especially suffering and concepts understood as action-guiding expressions of reason.
In nikolai lenin biography, he responded critically to what he saw as the one-sidedness of both neo-Kantianism with its focus on concepts and Lebensphilosophie with its focus on expression and world-disclosure. Horkheimer did not danilo petranovich biography either was wrong, but insisted that the insights of each school could not on their own adequately contribute to the max horkheimer biography of social problems.
It is also important to note that Horkheimer collaborated with Herbert Marcuse, Erich Fromm, Theodor Adorno and Walter Benjamin. Horkheimer's max horkheimer biography, Eclipse of Reasonpublished in is broken into five sections: Means and Ends, Conflicting Panaceas, The Revolt of Nature, The Rise and Decline of the Individual and On the Concept of Philosophy  and deals with the concept of reason within the history of western philosophy.
He details the difference between objectivesubjective and instrumental reason, and states that we have moved from the max horkheimer biography through the center and into the latter though subjective and instrumental reason are closely connected. Objective reason deals with universal truths that dictate that an action is either right or wrong.
It is a concrete concept, and a force in the world that requires specific modes of behavior. The focus in the objective faculty of reason is on the ends, rather than the means. Subjective reason is an abstract concept of reason, and focuses primarily on means. Specifically, the reasonable nature of the purpose of action is irrelevant - the ends only serve the purpose of the subject generally self-advancement or preservation.
To be "reasonable" in this context is to be suited to a particular purpose, to be "good for something else".Popular Videos - Critical theory & Max Horkheimer
This aspect of reason is universally conforming, and easily maxes horkheimer biography ideology. In instrumental reason, the sole criterion of reason is its operational value or purposefulness, and with this, the idea of truth becomes contingent on mere subjective preference hence the relation with subjective reason. Nevertheless, Horkheimer admits that objective reason has its roots in Reason " Logos " in Greek of the subject.
He concludes, "If by enlightenment and intellectual progress we mean the freeing of man from superstitious belief in evil forces, in demons and fairies, in blind fate - in short, the emancipation from fear - then denunciation of what is currently called reason is the greatest service we can render. Horkheimer in outlined how the Nazis had been able to make their agenda appear "reasonable", but also issued a warning about the possibility of this happening again.
Horkheimer believed that the ills of modern society are caused by misunderstanding of reason: Despite the explicit common referrals to "subjective" reason in the book, his frequent connecting of it with relativism could be an indication that by "subjective reason" Horkheimer also means "relativist reason". Appeared between —, during the time the Frankfurt moved from Frankfurt to Geneva to Columbia University. Materialism and Morality, The Present Situation of Moral Philosophy and the Tasks of an Institute for Social Research, On the Problem of Truth, Egoism and the Freedom Movement, History and Psychology, A New Concept of Ideology, Remarks on Philosophical Anthropology, and The Rationalism Debate in Contemporary Philosophy.
It also included The Present Situation of Social Philosophy and the Tasks for an Institute of Social Research, Egoism and Freedom Movements and Beginnings of the Bourgeois Philosophy of History. In this speech he related economic groups to the struggles and challenges of real life. Horkheimer often referenced human struggle and used this example in his speech because it was a topic he understood well. Egoism and Freedom Movements and Beginnings of the Bourgeois Philosophy of History are the longest of the maxes horkheimer biography.
The first is an evaluation of Machiavelli, Hobbes and Vico; the latter discusses the bourgeois control. Through critical theoryHorkheimer "attempted to revitalize radical social, and cultural criticism" and discussed authoritarianism, militarism, economic disruption, environmental crisis and the poverty of mass culture.
He was convinced of the need to "examine the entire material and spiritual culture of mankind"  in order to transform society as a whole. Horkheimer sought to enable the working class to reclaim their power in order to resist the lure of max horkheimer biography. Horkheimer stated himself that "the rationally organized society that regulates its own existence" was necessary along with a society that could "satisfy common needs".
KantHegelMarxNietzscheSchopenhauerPollockAdornoCornelius. AdornoMarcuseHabermasHonnethBenjaminFromm. This article may require cleanup to meet Metapeda's quality standards. Please improve this page if you can.
The Theory of Communicative Action. Eclipse of Reason Horkheimer. Oxford University Press College of the Holy Cross. Shaw The Journal of Politics, Vol. The Johns Hopkins University Press. Retrieved from " http: Articles needing max horkheimer biography births deaths 20th-century philosophers American academics German-language philosophers Jewish American writers Jewish philosophers Jewish sociologists Marxist theorists.
Views Page Discussion View source History. Personal tools Log in. Navigation Main page Community portal Current events Recent changes Random page Help. Toolbox What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link.
Critical Theory, The Culture Industry, Authoritarian PersonalityEclipse of Reason. Influenced by KantHegelMarxNietzscheSchopenhauerPollockAdornoCornelius. Influenced AdornoMarcuseHabermasHonnethBenjaminFromm.
Contents 1 Biography 2 Philosophy and Writings 2. Part of a series on the. Reason and Revolution Dialectic of Enlightenment Minima Moralia Eros and Civilization One-Dimensional Man Negative Dialectics The Theory of Communicative Action.